Chills With/Without Fever: Causes, Signs & Symptoms, Treatment, and Complications
What are chills?
The term “chills” refers to a feeling of being cold without an apparent cause. You get this feeling when your muscles repeatedly expand and contract and the vessels in your skin constrict.
Chills can occur with a fever and cause shivering or shaking.
Some colds occur after exposure to a cold environment. They can also occur as a response to a bacterial or viral infection that causes a fever. Chills are commonly associated with the following conditions:
- bacterial or #viral gastroenteritis
- strep throat
- urinary tract infections (UTIs)
- Bacterial Infection
- Cold Environment
- Parasite Infection
- Prolonged Immersion in Water
- Virus Infection
Rhinoviruses contain all their genetic information on a single strand of RNA (a molecule related to DNA). The researchers found that all the virus RNA strands feature a cloverleaf-like form at one end. Nearly every virus had a unique sequence in a section of this region. Identical regions in related viruses have been shown to affect how pathogenic the viruses are. The experimenters believe this period of sequence might play a matching role in rhinoviruses.
Coronaviruses are a group of viruses known for provoking the common cold. They have a halo or crown-like (corona) formation when viewed under an electron microscope.
The common cold is an infection of the upper respiratory tract which can be caused by many distinct viruses.
A common misunderstanding is that one can “catch a frigid” simply through extended exposure to cold weather. Although it is now known that colds are viral infections, the prevalence of many such viruses are indeed seasonal, occurring more frequently during cold weather.[
Symptoms & Signs
- Feelings of coldness
- May arise with or without fever
Treating chills at home
Home care for adults
If your fever is mild and you have no other serious symptoms, you don’t have to see a doctor.
Cover yourself with a light sheet and avoid heavy blankets or clothing.
Sponging your body with lukewarm water or taking a cool shower may help reduce a fever.
Avoid Cold water, however, may trigger an episode of colds.
Over-the-counter (OTC) medications can lower fever and fight chills, such as:
- aspirin (Bayer)
- acetaminophen (Tylenol)
- ibuprofen (Advil)
Home care for children
- Treating a child with chills and fever depends on the child’s age, temperature, and any accompanying symptoms.
- Dress them in lightweight clothing and give them water or other liquids to keep them hydrated.
- Never bundle feverish children in heavy blankets or layers of clothing.
- Never give aspirin to children under the age of 18 because of the risk of Reye’s syndrome.
- you can give them acetaminophen in tablet or liquid form. It’s important to follow the dosing instructions on the package.