What is Diabetes | Diabetes in pregnancy


Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot use the insulin it produces effectively. Diabetes is a chronic (long-term) health condition that affects how your body converts food into energy. Diabetes is a disease that prevents your body from properly using the energy from the food you eat. Diabetes refers to a group of diseases that affect how the body uses blood sugar (glucose). 

Diabetes in pregnancy

Different types of diabetes can occur, and treatment for this disease depends on the type. Any pregnant woman can develop diabetes, but some women are at greater risk than others. Women who are overweight during pregnancy or gain too much weight during pregnancy are more likely to develop gestational diabetes. 

Diabetes in pregnancy

Sometimes babies of mothers with gestational diabetes have low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) shortly after birth due to their own high production of insulin. Without the sugar produced by women with gestational diabetes, excess insulin can cause the baby’s blood sugar levels to be too low. 

When it is produced, too little glucose enters the cells and too much remains in the blood, causing gestational diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas produces little or no insulin, so sugar can; It does not enter the cells of the body to be used as energy. The pancreas secretes insulin into the blood, which acts as a helper or “key” that allows sugar to enter the cells to be used as energy. Diabetes occurs when the body is unable to produce or use its own insulin, a hormone produced by special cells in the pancreas called pancreatic islets. 

 What is prediabetes and prediabetes symptoms?  

Prediabetes Doctors call some people prediabetes or borderline diabetes when their blood sugar levels are usually between 100 and 125 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Prediabetes means your blood sugar is higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Gestational diabetes is hyperglycemia in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal but lower than the diagnostic value for diabetes. 


Hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar, is a common consequence of uncontrolled diabetes and, over time, causes severe damage to many-body systems, especially nerves and blood vessels. The inability to produce insulin or use insulin effectively results in high blood glucose levels (known as hyperglycemia). In type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t use insulin well and can’t keep your blood sugar at normal levels.  

Using insulin People with type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 may need an injection or inhalation of insulin to keep their blood sugar from getting too high. In type 2, the body is resistant to the action of insulin, which means that it cannot use insulin properly, so it cannot transport sugar into the cells. In prediabetes, which can lead to type 2 diabetes, and type 2, cells become resistant to the action of insulin and the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to overcome this resistance. Type 2 occurs when your body becomes resistant to insulin and sugar builds up in your blood. 

 Type 1 diabetes

Type 1, sometimes called insulin-dependent or juvenile diabete, can develop at any age but is more common in children, teens, and young adults. Because type 1 is an autoimmune disease, people with other autoimmune conditions, such as Hashimoto’s disease or primary adrenal insufficiency (also known as Addison’s disease), are more likely to develop type 1 diabetes. 


Physical inactivity, ethnicity, and certain health problems, such as high blood pressure, can also affect your chances of developing type 2. There are steps you can take to reduce your chances of developing these diabetes-related health problems.  

Diabetes treatment

It is important to be aware of diabetes and be actively involved in treatment, as complications are much less common and less severe in people with well-controlled blood sugar levels. Regular monitoring of blood glucose levels and moderate glucose intake can help people prevent the most dangerous complications of type 2. Tips for self-management: Self-monitoring of blood sugar levels is essential for effective diabete management because it helps regulate meal plans (Eating Schedule for diabete), physical activity, and when to take medications, including insulin. People with diabetes can benefit from diabetes education and management, dietary changes, and exercise to keep short-term and long-term blood glucose levels within acceptable limits.  


When there is too little insulin in your body, or when insulin doesn’t work properly in your body, you can have diabetes, a condition in which you have abnormally high levels of glucose or sugar in your blood. People with diabete have too much blood sugar because their bodies cannot move glucose to fat, liver, and muscle cells to be processed and stored for energy. Over time, excess blood glucose can cause health problems. As pregnancy progresses, the developing baby has an increased need for glucose.  

With diabetes, your body either doesn’t produce enough insulin or doesn’t use it properly. Type 1 diabete is thought to be caused by an autoimmune response (the body attacking itself incorrectly) that prevents the body from producing insulin. Type 1 is characterized by insufficient insulin production, requiring daily insulin intake. 


Over time, diabetes can damage the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves. This can also cause heart disease, stroke, and even the need to remove a limb. Having diabete during pregnancy can also lead to complications in the newborn, such as jaundice or breathing problems. Diabetes significantly increases the risk of various cardiovascular diseases, including coronary heart disease with chest pain (angina pectoris), heart attack, stroke, and narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis). 

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