The outcome of the investigation is not dependent on how the patient is feeling all the time, such as CD4 count is more common in some people, but they are often infected and in some people with CD4 count less, But they do not have any type of infection. There is also a very low risk of HIV-related complications in such people.
If a person is continuously reducing CD4 count for several months, then doctors can give the following treatment-
- Can start or change antiretroviral therapy.
- Start treatment to stop opportunistic infections.
According to the guidelines of public health, if someone is HIV positive (HIV is infected), then at the beginning it is given antiviral therapy, even if the person has noticed some symptoms. If this therapy works correctly, then the CD4 count of that person increases or stabilizes.
Many doctors start medicines for opportunistic infections in the following situations-
- The CD4 sales count is less than 200 – Pneumocystis pneumonia, PCP
- The CD4 cell count is less than 100 – toxoplasmosis, and cryptococcosis
- The CD4 cell count is less than 75 – Mycobacterium avium complex